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Enzymatic GTP Hydrolysis:  Insights from an ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study

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journal contribution
posted on 13.03.2002, 00:00 by Andrea Cavalli, Paolo Carloni
Ab initio methods were used to shed light on fundamental aspects of the enzymatic mechanism of guanosine triphosphate hydrolysis in the Cdc42/Cdc42GAP complex. The calculations focused on the nucleophilic addition of the catalytic water molecule to the γ-phosphate phosphorus atom. A large model system was required to correctly reproduce the electrostatic properties on the active site. The model turned out to reproduce most of the electrostatic field of the biological complex at the reactants. Our calculations established the H-bond pattern of the catalytic water (WAT), which turned out to interact with Q61 and T35, in the most stable conformation. This ruled out the possibility that the catalytic water transferred its proton directly to the γ-phosphate. Furthermore, the calculations suggested that the electronic structure of WAT was very different from that in the bulk. Finally, this study showed that during the reaction, WAT transferred a proton to Gln61, consistent with the available X-ray data on a transition-state analogue/enzyme complex19 and with the decrease of activity in the Q61E mutant.