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Enrichment of Phosphorylated Peptides with Metal–Organic Framework Nanosheets for Serum Profiling of Diabetes and Phosphoproteomics Analysis

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journal contribution
posted on 29.10.2018, 00:00 by Shi-Shu Yang, Yu-Jie Chang, Hao Zhang, Xizhong Yu, Wenbin Shang, Gui-Quan Chen, David Da Yong Chen, Zhi-Yuan Gu
Capturing phosphopeptides from complicated biological samples is essential for the discovery of new post-translational modification sites and disease diagnostics. Although several two-dimensional (2-D) materials have been used for phosphopeptides capturing, metal–organic framework (MOF) nanosheets have not been reported. The Ti-based MOF nanosheets have well-defined 2-D morphology, high density of active sites, large surface area, and an ultrathin structure. Phosphopeptides can be efficiently extracted and superior detection limits of 0.1 fmol μL–1 can be achieved even for an extremely low molar ratio of phosphoprotein/nonphosphoprotein (1:10000) mixtures. The selectivity over nonphosphopeptides can be enhanced further by pretreatment with a 10 mM salt solution (β-glycerophosphate disodium, NaCl, or KCl). The performance of 2-D Ti-based MOF nanosheets is much better than Zr-based MOF (Zr-BTB) nanosheets or any other Ti-based 3-D MOF counterpart, such as MIL-125 and NH2-MIL-125. The nanosheets were used for in situ isotope labeling for abnormally regulated phosphopeptides analysis from serum samples of type 2 diabetes patients. The relative quantitative results showed that three of the phosphorylated fibrinogen peptides A (FPA, DpSGEGDFLAEGGGV, DpSGEGDFLAEGGGVR, and ADpSGEGDFLAEGGGVR) were down-regulated, while the other isoform (ADpSGEGDFLAEGGGV) was up-regulated in the serum samples of type 2 diabetes patients compared with those of healthy volunteers. Finally, proteomics analysis showed selective enrichment of phosphopeptides with 2-D Ti-based MOF nanosheets from real samples, including tryptic digests of mouse brain neocortex lysate, mouse spinal cord lysate, and mouse testis lysate, followed by LC-MS/MS analysis. Total numbers of 2601, 3208, and 2866 phosphopeptides were successfully identified from the three samples, respectively. The 2-D Ti-based MOF nanosheets significantly improved sample preparation for mass spectrometric analysis in phosphopeptides and phosphoproteomics research.