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Enhancing the Stability of Orthorhombic CsSnI3 Perovskite via Oriented π‑Conjugated Ligand Passivation

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journal contribution
posted on 20.07.2020, 13:37 by Yapeng Zheng, Zhi Fang, Ming-Hui Shang, Zhentao Du, Zuobao Yang, Kuo-Chih Chou, Weiyou Yang, Shihao Wei, Xinmei Hou
Lead-free orthorhombic CsSnI3 (Bγ-CsSnI3) perovskite has been emerging as one of the potential candidates of photovoltaic materials with superior performance. However, the instability induced by rapid reconstructive phase transition and the oxidation of Sn2+ greatly limits their future application. We thus reported a strategy, oriented π-conjugated ligand passivation, for enhancing the stability of Bγ-CsSnI3, simulated using a Bγ-CsSnI3 slab model based on the first-principles computation. The phase stability was found to be strongly dependent on the orientations of phenylethylammonium (PEA+) ligands. The passivated Bγ-CsSnI3 slab with the ligand molecule axis along [414] was demonstrated as the most stable with the lowest adsorption energy (Eads). Based on this configuration, the calculated formation energies (Eform) of half- and full-monolayer coverage were even more negative than that of yellow phase (Y-) CsSnI3 passivated by PEA+ ligands, verifying the enhanced phase stability. Furthermore, the surface states could be effectively suppressed and the downshifted conduction band minimum (CBM) resulted in a reduced band gap for the completely capped Bγ-CsSnI3. Moreover, the CBM and the valence band maximum (VBM) of the system with complete coverage were respectively donated by the surface and bulky components of the slab, which might benefit the separation and transfer of photogenerated carriers.