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Enhancing the Magnetic Anisotropy of Linear Cr(II) Chain Compounds Using Heavy Metal Substitutions

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journal contribution
posted on 16.02.2016, 13:29 by Jonathan H. Christian, David W. Brogden, Jasleen K. Bindra, Jared S. Kinyon, Johan van Tol, Jingfang Wang, John F. Berry, Naresh S. Dalal
Magnetic properties of the series of three linear, trimetallic chain compounds Cr2Cr­(dpa)4Cl2, 1, Mo2Cr­(dpa)4Cl2, 2, and W2Cr­(dpa)4Cl2, 3 (dpa = 2,2′-dipyridylamido), have been studied using variable-temperature dc and ac magnetometry and high-frequency EPR spectroscopy. All three compounds possess an S = 2 electronic ground state arising from the terminal Cr2+ ion, which exhibits slow magnetic relaxation under an applied magnetic field, as evidenced by ac magnetic susceptibility and magnetization measurements. The slow relaxation stems from the existence of an easy-axis magnetic anisotropy, which is bolstered by the axial symmetry of the compounds and has been quantified through rigorous high-frequency EPR measurements. The magnitude of D in these compounds increases when heavier ions are substituted into the trimetallic chain; thus D = −1.640, −2.187, and −3.617 cm–1 for Cr2Cr­(dpa)4Cl2, Mo2Cr­(dpa)4Cl2, and W2Cr­(dpa)4Cl2, respectively. Additionally, the D value measured for W2Cr­(dpa)4Cl2 is the largest yet reported for a high-spin Cr2+ system. While earlier studies have demonstrated that ligands containing heavy atoms can enhance magnetic anisotropy, this is the first report of this phenomenon using heavy metal atoms as “ligands”.