cm5b00144_si_001.pdf (565.88 kB)
Download file

Enhanced Thermoelectric Figure-of-Merit in Thermally Robust, Nanostructured Superlattices Based on SrTiO3

Download (565.88 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 24.03.2015, 00:00 by Anas I. Abutaha, S. R. Sarath Kumar, Kun Li, Arash M. Dehkordi, Terry M. Tritt, Husam N. Alshareef
Thermoelectric (TE) metal oxides overcome crucial disadvantages of traditional heavy-metal-alloy-based TE materials, such as toxicity, scarcity, and instability at high temperatures. Here, we report the TE properties of metal oxide superlattices, composed from alternating layers of 5% Pr3+-doped SrTiO3−δ (SPTO) and 20% Nb5+-doped SrTiO3−δ (STNO) fabricated using pulsed laser deposition (PLD). Excellent stability is established for these superlattices by maintaining the crystal structure and reproducing the TE properties after long-time (20 h) annealing at high temperature (∼1000 K). The introduction of oxygen vacancies as well as extrinsic dopants (Pr3+ and Nb5+), with different masses and ionic radii, at different lattice sites in SPTO and STNO layers, respectively, results in a substantial reduction of thermal conductivity via scattering a wider range of phonon spectrum without limiting the electrical transport and thermopower, leading to an enhancement in the figure-of-merit (ZT). The superlattice composed of 20 SPTO/STNO pairs, 8 unit cells of each layer, exhibits a ZT value of 0.46 at 1000 K, which is the highest among SrTiO3-based thermoelectrics.