American Chemical Society
am2c00552_si_001.pdf (1.5 MB)

Enhanced Cancer Starvation Therapy Enabled by an Autophagy Inhibitors-Encapsulated Biomimetic ZIF‑8 Nanodrug: Disrupting and Harnessing Dual Pro-Survival Autophagic Responses

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-05-04, 17:10 authored by Fenglan Li, Tao Chen, Fang Wang, Jinfa Chen, Yuanyuan Zhang, Danting Song, Ning Li, Xin-Hua Lin, Lisen Lin, Junyang Zhuang
Autophagy is an important protective mechanism in maintaining or restoring cell homeostasis under physiological and pathological conditions. Nanoparticles (NPs) with certain components and morphologies can induce autophagic responses in cancer cells, providing a new perspective for establishing cancer therapy strategies. Herein, a novel nanodrug system, cell membranes-coated zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) NPs encapsulating chloroquine (CQ) and glucose oxidase (GOx) (defined as mCG@ZIF), is designed to achieve an enhanced anticancer effect with the combination of starvation therapy and an autophagy regulation strategy. It is found that ZIF-8 as a nanocarrier can induce autophagy to promote survival of cancer cells via the upstream Zn2+-stimulated mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) so that the anticancer effect is directly achieved by inhibiting this pro-survival autophagy using CQ released from mCG@ZIF under a tumor acidic microenvironment. Moreover, a cancer cell under starvation caused by GOx harnesses autophagy to maintain intracellular ATP levels and resist starvation therapy. The released CQ further inhibits the starvation-induced pro-survival autophagy and cuts off the protective pathway of cancer cells, enhancing the anticancer efficiency of GOx-based starvation therapy. Significantly, the cell membrane coating endows mCG@ZIF with excellent in vivo homotypic targeting ability. Both in vitro and in vivo results have confirmed the enhanced anticancer effect achieved by mCG@ZIF with a negligible side effect.