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Engineering Homochiral MOFs in TiO2 Nanotubes as Enantioselective Photoelectrochemical Electrode for Chiral Recognition

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journal contribution
posted on 25.08.2021, 16:43 by Shanshan Zhou, Junli Guo, Zhenqing Dai, Changyong Liu, Junjian Zhao, Zhida Gao, Yan-Yan Song
Enantioselective sensing of chiral molecules is an important issue for both biomedical research and the pharmaceutical industry. Here, an enantioselective photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensor was constructed by integrating TiO2 nanotubes (NTs) with metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) for the identification of enantiomers. TiO2 NTs prepared by electrochemical anodization can not only be used as the PEC platform but also as the metal-ion precursor to react with terephthalic acid (BDC) to form MIL-125­(Ti) in situ. A postsynthetic exchange (PSE) method was used for exchanging the ligand of MIL-125 by 2-aminoterephthalic acid (BDC-NH2) for further functionalization. Homochirality was then successfully introduced into achiral MIL-125-NH2 by postsynthetic modification (PSM) with l-histidine (l-His). The resulting homochiral metal–organic frameworks (MOF)-in-NT architecture exhibits excellent discrimination ability for the chiral recognition of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l/d-DOPA) enantiomers. Moreover, by adjusting the charge-carrier separation-induced photocurrent variation mechanism, the as-proposed homochiral PEC electrode exhibits a broad application potential for the discrimination of enantiomers. Because of the construction of binder-free monochiral MOF-in-NT structure directly on a Ti-metal substrate, the valuable feature is that the PEC sensing platform can be used directly, thereby providing a stable, simplified, and low-cost sensing device for the recognition of chiral enantiomers.