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Endotracheal Aerosolization Device for Laboratory Investigation of Pulmonary Delivery of Nanoparticle Suspensions: In Vitro and in Vivo Validation

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posted on 2018-09-25, 00:00 authored by Zhengwei Huang, Ying Huang, Cheng Ma, Xiangyu Ma, Xuejuan Zhang, Ling Lin, Ziyu Zhao, Xin Pan, Chuanbin Wu
The objective of this study was to perform the in vitro and in vivo validation of an endotracheal aerosolization (ETA) device (HRH MAG-4, HM). Solid lipid nanoparticle suspension (SLNS) formulations with particle sizes of approximately 120, 240, 360, and 480 nm were selected as model nanoparticle suspensions for the validation. The emission rate (ER) of the in vitro aerosolization and the influence of aerosolization on the physicochemical properties were investigated. A high ER of up to 90% was obtained, and no significant alterations in physicochemical properties were observed after the aerosolization. The pulmonary deposition of model drug budesonide in Sprague–Dawley rats was determined to be approximately 80%, which was satisfactory for pulmonary delivery. Additionally, a fluorescent probe with aggregation-caused quenching property was encapsulated in SLNS formulations for in vivo bioimaging, after excluding the effect of aerosolization on its fluorescence spectrum. It was verified that SLNS formulations were deposited in the lung region. The results demonstrated the feasibility and reliability of the HM device for ETA in laboratory investigation.

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