Enantioselective Total Synthesis of (+)-Amphidinolide T1
journal contributionposted on 06.02.2003, 00:00 by Arun K. Ghosh, Chunfeng Liu
An enantioselective first total syntheis of amphidinolide T1 (1) is described. Amphidinolide T1 (1), a 19-membered macrolide isolated from Amphidinium sp., has shown potent antitumor properties against a variety of NCI tumor cell lines. The synthesis is convergent and involves the assembly of C1−C10 segment 2 and C11−C21 segment 3 by an oxocarbenium ion-mediated alkylation and Yamaguchi macrolactonization sequence. The synthesis of fragment 2 involves an efficient cross metathesis and hydrogenation sequence between the terminal olefins of 5 and 6 to form the C4−C5 carbon−carbon bond. Enol ether 4 is designed to be the surrogate of fragment 3 where the sensitive C16-exo-methylene and the C13-hydroxyl group were protected as the bromoether derivative during the Lewis acid-catalyzed alkylation process. Both stereocenters in fragment 5 as well as the C2 and C3 stereocenters in fragment 4 are accessed by a highly diastereoselective ester-derived titanium enolate-mediated syn-aldol reaction. The bromoether derivative 24 was unraveled at the final stage of the synthesis, providing (+)-amphidinolide T1.