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Enantioselective Addition of Diethylzinc to Aldehydes Catalyzed by N-(9-Phenylfluoren-9-yl) β-Amino Alcohols

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journal contribution
posted on 04.03.2000, 00:00 authored by M. Rita Paleo, Isabel Cabeza, F. Javier Sardina
A set of secondary N-phenylfluorenyl β-amino alcohols have been prepared and evaluated as catalysts for the enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde. The influence of the substituents on the stereogenic centers of the ligand has been studied, and enantioselectivities up to 97% have been obtained. Those ligands with bulky groups in the carbinol stereocenter and small groups α to the nitrogen atom displayed the best catalytic activity and enantioselectivity. The most enantioselective ligand (4e) was found to possess general applicability for the enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to a variety of aromatic and aliphatic aldehydes.