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Enantiomeric Pairs of Meroterpenoids with Diverse Heterocyclic Systems from Rhododendron nyingchiense

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journal contribution
posted on 01.08.2018, 17:52 by Guang-Hui Huang, Zhu Hu, Chun Lei, Pei-Pei Wang, Jing Yang, Jing-Ya Li, Jia Li, Ai-Jun Hou
Eight enantiomeric pairs of new meromonoterpenoids (1a/1b8a/8b) and four known compounds (912) were isolated from Rhododendron nyingchiense. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods, quantum chemical calculations, and X-ray crystallography. The enantiomeric pairs were acquired from scalemic mixtures by chiral-phase HPLC and showed diverse heterocyclic frameworks. Compounds 1a/1b possess a rare 6/7/5/5 heterocyclic system, and 2a/2b incorporate a new 6/6/3/5 heterocyclic system featuring a quinone motif. Compounds 3a/3b represent the first meroterpenoids with a 6/6/5 ring system from the Rhododendron genus. Putative biosynthetic pathways of these compounds are proposed. Compounds 1b, 2a4a, 8a, 8b, and 11 exhibited weak inhibitory effects on PTP1B, with IC50 values ranging from 5.7 ± 0.5 to 61.0 ± 4.8 μM.

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