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Electronic Structure and Enhanced Charge-Density Wave Order of Monolayer VSe2

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journal contribution
posted on 18.06.2018, 00:00 by Jiagui Feng, Deepnarayan Biswas, Akhil Rajan, Matthew D. Watson, Federico Mazzola, Oliver J. Clark, Kaycee Underwood, Igor Marković, Martin McLaren, Andrew Hunter, David M. Burn, Liam B. Duffy, Sourabh Barua, Geetha Balakrishnan, François Bertran, Patrick Le Fèvre, Timur K. Kim, Gerrit van der Laan, Thorsten Hesjedal, Peter Wahl, Phil D. C. King
How the interacting electronic states and phases of layered transition-metal dichalcogenides evolve when thinned to the single-layer limit is a key open question in the study of two-dimensional materials. Here, we use angle-resolved photoemission to investigate the electronic structure of monolayer VSe2 grown on bilayer graphene/SiC. While the global electronic structure is similar to that of bulk VSe2, we show that, for the monolayer, pronounced energy gaps develop over the entire Fermi surface with decreasing temperature below Tc = 140 ± 5 K, concomitant with the emergence of charge-order superstructures evident in low-energy electron diffraction. These observations point to a charge-density wave instability in the monolayer that is strongly enhanced over that of the bulk. Moreover, our measurements of both the electronic structure and of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism reveal no signatures of a ferromagnetic ordering, in contrast to the results of a recent experimental study as well as expectations from density functional theory. Our study thus points to a delicate balance that can be realized between competing interacting states and phases in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides.