American Chemical Society
am1008248_si_001.pdf (701.96 kB)

Electrodeposited Nanoporous versus Nanoparticulate ZnO Films of Similar Roughness for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Applications

Download (701.96 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2010-12-22, 00:00 authored by V. M. Guerin, C. Magne, Th. Pauporté, T. Le Bahers, J. Rathousky
We present a comparative study of two different ZnO porous film morphologies for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) fabrications. Nanoparticulate ZnO was prepared by the doctor-blade technique starting from a paste containing ZnO nanoparticles. Nanoporous ZnO films were grown by a soft template-assisted electrochemical growth technique. The film thicknesses were adjusted at similar roughness of about 300 in order to permit a worthy comparison. The effects on the cell performances of sensitization by dyes belonging to three different families, namely, xanthene (eosin Y) and indoline (D102, D131, D149 and D205) organic dyes as well as a ruthenium polypyridine complex (N719), have been investigated. The mesoporous electrodeposited matrix exhibits significant morphological changes upon the photoanode preparation, especially upon the dye sensitization, that yield to a dramatic change of the inner layer morphology and increase in the layer internal specific surface area. In the case of indoline dyes, better efficiencies were found with the electrodeposited ZnO porous matrixes compared to the nanoparticulate ones, in spite of significantly shorter electron lifetimes measured by impedance spectroscopy. The observation is interpreted in terms of much shorter transfer time in the oxide in the case of the electrodeposited ZnO films. Among the tested dyes, the D149 and D205 indoline organic dyes with a strong acceptor group were found the most efficient with the best cell over 4.6% of overall conversion efficiency.