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Electrochemically Scalable Production of Fluorine-Modified Graphene for Flexible and High-Energy Ionogel-Based Microsupercapacitors

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posted on 2018-06-12, 00:00 authored by Feng Zhou, Haibo Huang, Chuanhai Xiao, Shuanghao Zheng, Xiaoyu Shi, Jieqiong Qin, Qiang Fu, Xinhe Bao, Xinliang Feng, Klaus Müllen, Zhong-Shuai Wu
Scalable production of high-quality heteroatom-modified graphene is critical for microscale supercapacitors but remains a great challenge. Herein, we demonstrate a scalable, single-step electrochemical exfoliation of graphite into highly solution-processable fluorine-modified graphene (FG), achieved in an aqueous fluorine-containing neutral electrolyte, for flexible and high-energy-density ionogel-based microsupercapacitors (FG-MSCs). The electrochemically exfoliated FG nanosheets are characterized by atomic thinness, large lateral size (up to 12 μm), a high yield of >70% with ≤3 layers, and a fluorine doping of 3 at%, allowing for large-scale production of FG-MSCs. Our ionogel-based FG-MSCs deliver high energy density of 56 mWh cm–3, by far outperforming the most reported MSCs. Furthermore, the all-solid-state microdevices offer exceptional cyclability with ∼93% after 5000 cycles, robust mechanical flexibility with 100% of capacitance retention bended at 180°, and outstanding serial and parallel integration without the requirement of metal-based interconnects for high-voltage and high-capacitance output. Therefore, these FG-MSCs represent remarkable potential for electronics.

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