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Electrochemical Size Measurement and Characterization of Electrodeposited Platinum Nanoparticles at Nanometer Resolution with Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy

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journal contribution
posted on 14.06.2017, 00:00 by Wei Ma, Keke Hu, QianJin Chen, Min Zhou, Michael V. Mirkin, Allen J. Bard
The properties of nanoparticles (NPs) are determined by their size and geometric structures. A reliable determination of NP dimension is critical for understanding their physical and chemical properties, but sizing ultrasmall particles on the order of nanometer (nm) scale in the solution is still challenging. Here, we report the size measurement of PtNP at nanometer resolution by in situ scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM), performed with the electrochemical generation and removal of H2 bubble at a reasonably small distance between tip and substrate electrodes in 200 or 500 mM HClO4 solution. A series of different PtNPs or nanoclusters were electrodeposited and in situ measured in the solution, proving the concept of sizing ultrasmall particles using tip generation/substrate collection mode of SECM. This technique could be also used for investigations of other supported ultrasmall metal nanocluster systems.