Electrochemical (De)Lithiation of 1D Sulfur Chains in Li–S Batteries: A Model System Study
journal contributionposted on 2015-02-18, 00:00 authored by Chun-Peng Yang, Ya-Xia Yin, Yu-Guo Guo, Li-Jun Wan
In contrast to the extensive studies of the electrochemical behavior of conventional cyclic S8 molecules in Li–S batteries, there has been hardly any investigation of the electrochemistry of S chains. Here we use S chains encapsulated in single- and double-walled carbon nanotubes as a model system and report the electrochemical behavior of 1D S chains in Li–S batteries. An electrochemical test shows that S chains have high electrochemical activity during lithiation and extinctive electrochemistry compared with conventional S8. The confined steric effect provides Li+ solid-phase diffusion access to insert/egress reactions with S chains. During lithiation, the long S chains spontaneously become short chains, which show higher discharge plateaus and better kinetics. The unique electrochemistry of S chains supplements the existing knowledge of the S cathode mechanism and provides avenues for rational design of S cathode materials in Li–S batteries.