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Efficiently Improving the Stability of Inverted Perovskite Solar Cells by Employing Polyethylenimine-Modified Carbon Nanotubes as Electrodes

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journal contribution
posted on 20.08.2018, 00:00 by Yu Zhou, Xuewen Yin, Qiang Luo, Xingyue Zhao, Duanliang Zhou, Jianhua Han, Feng Hao, Meiqian Tai, Jianbao Li, Peng Liu, Kaili Jiang, Hong Lin
Inverted perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have been becoming more and more attractive, owing to their easy-fabrication and suppressed hysteresis, while the ion diffusion between metallic electrode and perovskite layer limit the long-term stability of devices. In this work, we employed a novel polyethylenimine (PEI) modified cross-stacked superaligned carbon nanotube (CSCNT) film in the inverted planar PSCs configurated FTO/NiOx/methylammonium lead tri-iodide (MAPbI3)/6, 6-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM)/CSCNT:PEI. By modifying CSCNT with a certain concentration of PEI (0.5 wt %), suitable energy level alignment and promoted interfacial charge transfer have been achieved, leading to a significant enhancement in the photovoltaic performance. As a result, a champion power conversion efficiency (PCE) of ∼11% was obtained with a Voc of 0.95 V, a Jsc of 18.7 mA cm–2, a FF of 0.61 as well as negligible hysteresis. Moreover, CSCNT:PEI based inverted PSCs show superior durability in comparison to the standard silver based devices, remaining over 85% of the initial PCE after 500 h aging under various conditions, including long-term air exposure, thermal, and humid treatment. This work opens up a new avenue of facile modified carbon electrodes for highly stable and hysteresis suppressed PSCs.