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Efficient CO2 Capture by Porous Carbons Derived from Coconut Shell

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journal contribution
posted on 17.03.2017, 00:00 by Jie Yang, Limin Yue, Xin Hu, Linlin Wang, Yongle Zhao, Youyou Lin, Yan Sun, Herbert DaCosta, Liping Guo
A series of porous carbons for CO2 capture were developed by simple carbonization and KOH activation of coconut shells under very mild conditions. Different techniques such as nitrogen sorption, X-ray diffraction, scanning emission microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize these sorbents. Owing to the high amount of narrow micropores within the carbon framework, the porous carbon prepared at a KOH/precursor ratio of 3 and 600 °C exhibits an enhanced CO2 adsorption capacity of 4.23 and 6.04 mmol/g at 25 and 0 °C under 1 bar, respectively. In addition to the high CO2 uptake, these samples also show fast adsorption kinetics, moderate heat of adsorption, high CO2 over N2 selectivity, excellent recyclability and stability, and superior dynamic CO2 capture capacity. The application of coconut shell as precursors for porous carbons provides a cost-effective way for the development of better adsorbents for CO2 capture.