American Chemical Society
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Effects of Silver Nanoparticles in Diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana and Cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp.

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journal contribution
posted on 2012-10-16, 00:00 authored by Alina D. Burchardt, Raquel N. Carvalho, Angelica Valente, Paola Nativo, Douglas Gilliland, Cesar P. Garcìa, Rosanna Passarella, Valerio Pedroni, François Rossi, Teresa Lettieri
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) of different sizes toward two primary producer aquatic species. Thalassiosira pseudonana and Synechococcus sp. have been selected as representative models for the lower trophic organisms in marine and freshwater habitats, respectively. Time-dependent cellular growth was measured upon exposure to both AgNP and silver nitrate (AgNO3). In addition, AgNP behavior in freshwater and marine waters has been followed by CPS disc centrifuge, in the time frame of AgNP exposure studies, and the kinetic release of silver from AgNP of different sizes was measured by dialysis and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The combination and interpretation of all these data suggest that a shared effect of AgNP and released silver was responsible for the toxicity in both organisms. Furthermore, the toxic effects induced by AgNP exposure in the present study seem to result from a mixture of parameters including aggregated state, size of the AgNP, stability of the preparation, and speciation of the released silver.