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Effects of Immersion Solvent on Photovoltaic and Photophysical Properties of Porphyrin-Sensitized Solar Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 26.08.2015, 00:00 authored by Hironobu Hayashi, Tomohiro Higashino, Yuriko Kinjo, Yamato Fujimori, Kei Kurotobi, Pavel Chabera, Villy Sundström, Seiji Isoda, Hiroshi Imahori
Memory effects in self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of zinc porphyrin carboxylic acid on TiO2 electrodes have been demonstrated for the first time by evaluating the photovoltaic and electron transfer properties of porphyrin-sensitized solar cells prepared by using different immersion solvents sequentially. The structure of the SAM of the porphyrin on the TiO2 was maintained even after treating the porphyrin monolayer with different neat immersion solvents (memory effect), whereas it was altered by treatment with solutions containing different porphyrins (inverse memory effect). Infrared spectroscopy shows that the porphyrins in the SAM on the TiO2 could be exchanged with the same or analogous porphyrin, leading to a change in the structure of the porphyrin SAM. The memory and inverse memory effects are well correlated with a change in porphyrin geometry, mainly the tilt angle of the porphyrin along the long molecular axis from the surface normal on the TiO2, as well as with kinetics of electron transfer between the porphyrin and TiO2. Such a new structure–function relationship for DSSCs will be very useful for the rational design and optimization of photoelectrochemical and photovoltaic properties of molecular assemblies on semiconductor surfaces.