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Effects of Gas Adsorption on the Electrical Conductivity of Single-Wall Carbon Nanohorns

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journal contribution
posted on 12.07.2006, 00:00 by Koki Urita, Shinya Seki, Shigenori Utsumi, Daisuke Noguchi, Hirofumi Kanoh, Hideki Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Hattori, Yuichi Ochiai, Nobuyuki Aoki, Masako Yudasaka, Sumio Iijima, Katsumi Kaneko
We present significant electrical conductivity responses of the pelletized as-prepared and oxidized (ox-) single-wall carbon nanohorns (SWNHs) on adsorption of CO2 and O2. The morphological and pore structures of both pelletized SWNHs were examined by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nitrogen adsorption isotherm, leading to explicit evidences of the formation of nanoscale windows on the wall by oxidation. The SWNH and ox-SWNH induced a semiconducting behavior, strongly responded to CO2 and O2 adsorptions, and each exhibited n-type- and p-type-like conductivities. The electrical conductivity increase and decrease for CO2 and O2 adsorption, respectively, were observed for SWNH, whereas ox-SWNH showed a marked electrical conductivity drop on CO2 adsorption and almost no change on O2 adsorption. The dramatically different electrical conductivity response of ox-SWNH is presumed to be ascribed to the annihilation of pentagons in the single graphene wall by oxidation.

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