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Effects of Cyclamen Mite (Phytonemus pallidus) and Leaf Beetle (Galerucella tenella) Damage on Volatile Emission from Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) Plants and Orientation of Predatory Mites (Neoseiulus cucumeris, N. californicus, and Euseius finlandicus)

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journal contribution
posted on 02.11.2005, 00:00 by Sari Himanen, Terhi Vuorinen, Tuomo Tuovinen, Jarmo K. Holopainen
Volatile emission profile of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) plants (cvs. Polka and Honeoye) damaged by cyclamen mite (Phytonemus pallidus Banks) or leaf beetle Galerucella tenella (L.) (cv. Polka) was analyzed to determine the potential of these strawberry plants to emit herbivore-induced volatiles. The total volatile emissions as well as emissions of many green leaf volatiles (e.g., (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol and (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate) and methyl salicylate were greater from cyclamen mite-damaged strawberry plants than from intact plants. Leaf beetle feeding increased emissions of monoterpenes (Z)-ocimene and (E)-β-ocimene, sesquiterpenes (E)-β-caryophyllene, (E,E)-α-farnesene, and germacrene-D, and a homoterpene (3E)-4,8-dimethyl-1,3,7-nonatriene (DMNT) significantly. Nevertheless, the naïve generalist predatory mites, Neoseiulus cucumeris, Neoseiulus californicus, and Euseius finlandicus did not prefer P. pallidus- or G. tenella-damaged plants over intact plants in a Y-tube olfactometer, suggesting that these predatory mite species are not attracted by the herbivore-induced volatiles being released from young strawberry plants. Keywords: Fragaria × ananassa Duch.; Phytonemus pallidus (Acari:  Tarsonemidae); Galerucella tenella (Coleoptera:  Chrysomelidae); Neoseiulus cucumeris (Acari:  Phytoseiidae); Neoseiulus californicus (Acari:  Phytoseiidae); Euseius finlandicus (Acari:  Phytoseiidae); strawberry; herbivore-induced VOCs; tritrophic interactions