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Effectively Reinforced α‑Bi2O3 MPs/PDA-RGO Sensor for Selective Modality Sensing of a Hazardous Phenolic Compound
journal contributionposted on 2023-12-18, 17:39 authored by Subash Vetri Selvi, Alagumalai Krishnapandi, Retno Damastuti, Adhimoorthi Prasannan, Shu-Ting Liang, Po-Da Hong, Seong-Cheol Kim
The phenolic compound trichlorophenol (TCP) is an ingredient in fungicides and herbicides. This compound’s high stability, bioaccumulation, toxicity, and poor biodegradability result in severe environmental and biological health issues. Consequently, it is crucial to have an affordable and sensitive method for detecting TCP in environmental samples. In this study, α-phase bismuth oxide microplates and polydopamine-functionalized reduced graphene oxide (α-Bi2O3 MPs/PDA-RGO) were synthesized using a simple ultrasonic method and characterized with various analytical and physical characterizations. The conversion of the catechol moieties present in the resulting PDA-RGO material into quinones facilitates productive interactions with diverse functional groups, such as hydroxyl, amine, and imine. Consequently, the compounds 2,4,6-trichlorophenol (TCP) engages in electrochemical interactions with the aforementioned functional groups. As a result, TCP shows more excellent selectivity on the designed α-Bi2O3 MPs/PDA-RGO/SPCE sensor. Under the optimized conditions, the sensor demonstrated a lower detection limit (0.0042 μM), a limit of quantification (0.0078 μM), good sensitivity (2.24 μA μM–1 cm2), a wide linear range (0.019–190.7 and 212.7–1649 μM), and pinpoint specificity. The efficacy of the sensor is additionally validated through the accurate identification of TCP residues in water, soil, and food samples.
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