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Effective Design Strategy for Aggregation-Induced Emission and Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Emitters Achieving 18% External Quantum Efficiency Pure-Blue OLEDs with Extremely Low Roll-Off

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-11-23, 21:06 authored by Jinshan Wang, Jianfeng Zhang, Cuifeng Jiang, Chuang Yao, Xinguo Xi
High-color purity organic emitters with a simultaneous combination of aggregation-induced emission (AIE) and thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) characteristics are in great demand due to their excellent comprehensive performances toward efficient organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this work, two D−π–A-structure emitters, ICz-DPS and ICz-BP, exhibiting AIE and TADF properties were developed, and both the emitters have narrow singlet (S1)–triplet (T1) splitting (ΔEST) and excellent photoluminescence (PL) quantum yields (ΦPL), derived from the distorted configurations and weak intra/intermolecular interactions, suppressing exciton annihilation and concentration quenching. Their doped OLEDs based on ICz-BP provide an excellent electroluminescence external quantum efficiency (ηext) and current efficiency (ηC) of 17.7% and 44.8 cd A–1, respectively, with an ηext roll-off of 2.9%. Their nondoped OLEDs based on ICz-DPS afford high efficiencies of 11.7% and 30.1 cd A–1, with pure-blue emission with Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.15, 0.08) and a low roll-off of 6.0%. This work also shows a strategy for designing AIE–TADF molecules by rational use of steric hindrance and weak inter/intramolecular interactions to realize high ΦPL values, fast reverse intersystem crossing process, and reduced nonradiative transition process properties, which may open the way toward highly efficient and small-efficiency roll-off devices.