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Effect of Aeromonas hydrophila on Reductive Dechlorination of DDTs by Zero-Valent Iron

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journal contribution
posted on 08.12.2010, 00:00 by F. Cao, F. B. Li, T. X. Liu, D. Y. Huang, C. Y. Wu, C. H. Feng, X. M. Li
This study presents a reductive transformation method that combines zerovalent iron (ZVI) and Aeromonas hydrophila HS01 with iron oxide reduction property to degrade DDT (1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)ethane) under anoxic conditions. The results suggest that HS01 has weak capability in terms of reducing DDT to DDD (1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane) and nearly failed to reduce DDD or its transformed intermediates. The coexistence of ZVI and HS01 results in a slight enhancement of DDT degradation compared with the ZVI system alone. The reduction of intermediates by ZVI, however, can be obviously accelerated in the presence of HS01, and the addition of anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonic disodium salt (AQDS) can accelerate the transformation rates further, especially for intermediate reduction. The analysis of the amount and electrochemical properties of Fe(III)/Fe(II) indicates that the presence of HS01 with or without AQDS is beneficial to the reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II), resulting in the removal of passivating ferric precipitates on the ZVI surface. A mechanism and pathway that clarify the roles of ZVI, HS01, and AQDS in the ZVI + HS01 + AQDS system for DDT transformation are proposed. The quick removal of surface ferric precipitates is thought to be the reason for the enhancement of the transformation of DDT and its intermediates.