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Effect of Water Adsorption on the Photoluminescence of Silicon Quantum Dots

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journal contribution
posted on 27.04.2016, 00:00 by Jinrong Yang, Haiping Fang, Yi Gao
The optical properties of silicon quantum dots (Si QDs) are strongly influenced by circumjacent surface-adsorbed molecules, which would highly affect their applications; however, water, as the ubiquitous environment, has not received enough attention yet. We employed the time-dependent density functional calculations to investigate the water effect of photoluminescence (PL) spectra for Si QDs. In contrast with the absorption spectra, PL spectra exhibit distinct characteristics. For Si32H38, PL presents the single maximum in the dry and humid environment, while the emission spectrum displays a dual-band fluorescence spectroscopy in the low-humidity environment. This phenomenon is also observed in the larger Si QDs. The distinct character in spectroscopy is dominated by the stretching of the Si–Si bond, which could be explained by the self-trapped exciton model. Our results shed light on the Si–water interaction that is important for the development of optical devices based on Si-coated surfaces.