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Effect of Surface Oxidation on the Interaction of 1-Methylaminopyrene with Gold Nanoparticles

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journal contribution
posted on 07.02.2012, 00:00 by Jianming Zhang, Daria Riabinina, Mohamed Chaker, Dongling Ma
The effect of the surface chemistry of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) on the GNP–amine (−NH2) interaction was investigated via conjugating an amine probe1-methylaminopyrene (MAP) chromophorewith three Au colloidal samples of the same particle size yet different surface chemistry. The surface of laser-irradiated and ligand-exchanged-irradiated GNPs is covered with acetonedicarboxylic ligands (due to laser-introduced citrate oxidization) and citrate ligands, respectively, and both surfaces contain oxidized Au species which are essentially lacking for the citrate-capped GNPs prepared by the pure chemical approach. Both laser-irradiated samples show inferior adsorption capacity of MAP as compared with the purely chemically prepared GNPs. Detailed investigations indicate that MAP molecules mainly complex directly with Au atoms via forming Au-NH2R bonds, and the oxidization of the GNP surface strongly influences the ratio of this direct bonding to the indirect bonding originating from the electrostatic interaction between protonated amine (−NH3+) and negatively charged surface ligands. The impact of the oxidized GNP surface associated with the laser treatment is further confirmed by aging experiment on GNP–MAP conjugation systems, which straightforwardly verifies that the surface oxidation leads to the decrease in the MAP adsorption on GNPs.