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Effect of Sonochemical Treatment on Thermal Stability, Elemental Mercury (Hg0) Removal, and Regenerable Performance of Magnetic Tea Biochar

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journal contribution
posted on 08.09.2021, 20:33 by Adnan Raza Altaf, Haipeng Teng, Liu Gang, Yusuf G. Adewuyi, Maosheng Zheng
Elemental mercury (Hg0) removal from a hot gas is still challenging since high temperature influences the Hg0 removal and regenerable performance of the sorbent. In this work, a facile yet innovative sonochemical method was developed to synthesize a thermally stable magnetic tea biochar to capture the Hg0 from syngas. A sonochemically synthesized magnetic sorbent (TUF0.46) exhibited a more prodigious surface area with developed pore structures, ultra-paramagnetic properties, and high dispersion of Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3 particles than a simply synthesized magnetic sorbent (TF0.46). The results showed that TUF0.46 demonstrated strong thermostability and attained a high Hg0 removal performance (∼98.6%) at 200 °C. After the 10th adsorption/regeneration cycle, the Hg0 removal efficiency of TUF0.46 was 19% higher than that of TF0.46. Besides, at 23.1% Hg0 breakthrough, TUF0.46 achieved an average Hg0 adsorption capacity of 16.58 mg/g within 24 h under complex syngas (20% CO, 20% H2, 5% H2O, and 400 ppm H2S). In addition, XPS results revealed that surface-active components (Fe+, O2–, O*, CO) were the key factor for high Hg0 removal performance over TUF0.46 from syngas. Hence, sonochemistry is a promising practical tool for improving the surface morphology, thermal resistance, renewability, and Hg0 removal efficiency of a sorbent.