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Effect of Processing and Storage Time on the Contents of Organosulfur Compounds in Pickled Blanched Garlic

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journal contribution
posted on 04.04.2012, 00:00 by Victor Manuel Beato, Antonio Higinio Sánchez, Antonio de Castro, Alfredo Montaño
The influence of processing, with and without fermentation, on the contents of organosulfur compounds, namely, γ-glutamyl peptides, S-alk­(en)­yl-l-cysteine sulfoxides (ACSOs), and S-allyl-l-cysteine (SAC), in pickled blanched garlic was evaluated. For each processing type, the effect of the preservation method and storage time was also analyzed. Blanching in hot water (90 °C for 5 min) hardly affected the individual organosulfur compound content. The fermentation and packing steps negatively affected the levels of all compounds except for SAC. The content of this compound increased during storage at room temperature whereas γ-glutamyl peptides and ACSOs were degraded to various extents. The pasteurization treatment itself had no significant effect on the concentrations of organosulfur compounds. Use of the corresponding fermentation brine in the case of the fermented product in conjunction with refrigerated storage was found to be the best method to preserve the levels of organosulfur compounds in pickled garlic stored for up to one year.