American Chemical Society
jf8b02906_si_001.pdf (307.75 kB)

Effect of Malt-Derived Potential Antioxidants on Dimethyl Sulfide Oxidation

Download (307.75 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2018-09-10, 00:00 authored by Matthias Baldus, Sarah Majetschak, Daniel Hass, Raphael Klein, Thomas Kunz, Marta Saba Kunicka, Frank-Jürgen Methner
During malt kilning, dimethyl sulfide (DMS) is partly oxidized to dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which can be reduced by yeast to generate DMS during fermentation. The aim of this study was to test the effect of malt-derived potential antioxidants on DMS oxidation and to assess their applicability for DMSO minimization. In the presence of 18 μM copper, all tested antioxidants (250 μM) catalyzed DMS oxidation to deviating extents (sulfite > ascorbic acid (Asco) > gallic acid (GA) > L-cysteine (Cys) > L-glutathione (GSH)). Hydrogen peroxide was found as primary DMS oxidant for each substance except for sulfite. Electron spin resonance spectroscopy provided evidence for the formation of bisulfite radicals and peroxymonosulfate radicals, which are proposed as being capable of exhaustive DMS oxidation (∼100%) over a wide concentration. The data demonstrate that use of antioxidants per se cannot be suggested for the minimization of DMSO formation in malt and other foodstuffs. Potential shifts from pro- to antioxidative behavior of antioxidants and their implications on malt quality are discussed.