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Effect of Local Alkaline Microenvironment on the Behaviors of Bacteria and Osteogenic Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 09.11.2018, 00:00 by Ji Tan, Donghui Wang, Huiliang Cao, Yuqin Qiao, Hongqin Zhu, Xuanyong Liu
The interactions between material surfaces and bacteria/cells have been widely investigated, based on which biomaterials with antibacterial and osteogenic abilities can be designed to conquer implant failures. The pH of environments is known to affect bacterial growth and bone formation/resorption, and it is possible that the antibacterial and osteogenic abilities of biomaterials can be simultaneously improved by regulating their surface alkalinity. Herein, we fabricated many kinds of films with various alkalinity levels on titanium surface to explore the effect of local alkaline microenvironments around material surfaces on the behaviors of bacteria and osteogenic cells. Both Gram-positive and -negative bacteria were cultured on sample surfaces to investigate their antibacterial effects. Cell adhesion, proliferation, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities were investigated by culturing both bone mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and osteoblast cells on sample surfaces. The results show that an appropriate local alkaline environment can effectively inhibit the growth of both Gram-positive and -negative bacteria through inactivating ATP synthesis and inducing oxidative stress. Meanwhile, it can promote the osteogenic differentiation of bone MSCs and enhance the proliferation and ALP activities of osteoblast cells. In conclusion, material surfaces endowed with appropriate alkalinity can possess antibacterial and osteogenic properties, which provide a novel strategy to design multifunctional biomaterials for bone generation.