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Effect of Liquid Passivation on the Oxidation Resistance and Hydrodesulfurization Activity of the NiMoSx/Al2O3 Catalyst

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-01-23, 11:29 authored by Minghao Wen, Shiang He, Yang Li, Hao Wang, Yan Wu
Toluene and rapeseed oil were, respectively, used to passivate a commercial oxidic NiMo/Al2O3 hydrotreating catalyst to prevent the sulfurized catalyst from oxidation and reduce the activity loss. The passivation at 400 and 500 °C by rapeseed oil can form carbon deposits with an amorphous-like graphite structure on the catalyst; however, passivation at 300 °C forms less carbon deposits. The high temperature facilitates carbon deposits with bigger size and more defects. After sulfurization and air exposure for 7 days, the oxidation degrees of Mo and Ni sulfides in the catalyst determined by TG are, respectively, decreased by 82.7 and 59.3% and 83.8 and 79.1% after 400 and 500 °C passivation. The rate constants of dibenzothiophene hydrodesulfurization of the initial sulfurized catalysts without passivation and passivated at 400 and 500 °C are 1.46, 1.49, and 0.83 mmol g–1 h–1, respectively. The enhanced activity at 400 °C is ascribed to shorter MoS2 slabs and the formation of Mo2C. However, the inert NiAl2O4 formed at 500 °C causes significantly decreased activity. After 7 days of air exposure, the rate constants of catalysts without passivation and passivated at 400 °C are 1.15 and 1.40 mmol g–1 h–1, respectively. The carbon deposits produced by passivation with rapeseed oil at 400 °C could effectively inhibit oxidation and reduce the activity loss, which is promising for ex situ sulfurized hydrotreating catalysts.

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