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Effect of Confinement on the Exciton and Biexciton Dynamics in Perovskite 2D-Nanosheets and 3D-Nanocrystals

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journal contribution
posted on 23.07.2020, 18:38 by Ayushi Shukla, Gurpreet Kaur, K. Justice Babu, Nandan Ghorai, Tanmay Goswami, Arshdeep Kaur, Hirendra N. Ghosh
The performance of the high-end optoelectronic devices is essentially influenced by the intrinsic relaxation mechanisms pursued by the hot carriers. Therefore, the key toward achieving progression in such fields lies in developing a complete understanding of the involved carrier cooling dynamics. In this work, an endeavor has been made to highlight the difference in the cooling mechanisms in 2D CsPbBr3 nanosheets (NSs) and their 3D counterpart nanocrystals (NCs) with the aid of femtosecond broad-band pump–probe spectroscopy, varying the excitation energies. The exciton and biexciton dynamics in both systems are found to be retarded upon increasing the excitation energy. However, in contrast to 3D NCs, carrier cooling is found to be faster in the 2D system, regardless of the excitation energy used, attributing this to less efficient charge screening by Fröhlich interaction in low-dielectric medium. A similar trend is replicated in the biexciton formation rate since the formation is also found to be faster in NSs compared to NCs.

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