Effect of Catalyst Pretreatment on Chirality-Selective Growth of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
journal contributionposted on 20.03.2014, 00:00 by Martin Fouquet, Bernhard C. Bayer, Santiago Esconjauregui, Christian Thomsen, Stephan Hofmann, John Robertson
We show that catalyst pretreatment conditions can have a profound effect on the chiral distribution in single-walled carbon nanotube chemical vapor deposition. Using a SiO2-supported cobalt model catalyst and pretreatment in NH3, we obtain a comparably narrowed chiral distribution with a downshifted tube diameter range, independent of the hydrocarbon source. Our findings demonstrate that the state of the catalyst at the point of carbon nanotube nucleation is of fundamental importance for chiral control, thus identifying the pretreatment atmosphere as a key parameter for control of diameter and chirality distributions.