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Effect of Basicity on the Hydrolysis of the Bi(III) Aqua Ion in Solution: An Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study

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journal contribution
posted on 27.01.2018, 00:00 by Regla Ayala, José Manuel Martínez, Rafael R. Pappalardo, Keith Refson, Enrique Sánchez Marcos
Hydrolysis of the Bi­(III) aqua ion under a range of solution conditions has been studied by means of ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. While the Bi­(III) aqua ion is stable in pure water, there is an increasing degree of hydrolysis with the number of hydroxide anions in the medium. This is accompanied by a monotonic decrease of the total coordination number to an asymptotic value of ∼6, reached under extreme basicity conditions. Comparison of the simulated Bi­(III) hydrolyzed species with the experimental species distribution at different degrees of basicity suggests that, at the PBE/DFT level of theory here employed, liquid water shows an overly acidic character. Predictions of theoretical EXAFS and XANES spectra were generated from the AIMD trajectories for different Bi hydrolyzed species, [Bi­(HO)m(H2O)n]3–m+, m = 0–3 and n = 7–2. Comparison with available experimental spectra is presented. Spectral features joined to the degree of hydrolysis and hydration are analyzed.