Edge-Reconstructed, Few-Layered Graphene Nanoribbons: Stability and Electronic Properties
journal contributionposted on 27.02.2017, 00:00 by Juliana A. Gonçalves, Regiane Nascimento, Matheus J. S. Matos, Alan B. de Oliveira, Hélio Chacham, Ronaldo J. C. Batista
We report a first-principles study of edge-reconstructed, few-layered graphene nanoribbons. We find that the nanoribbon stability increases linearly with increasing width and decreases linearly with increasing number of layers (from three to six layers). Specifically, we find that a three-layer 1.3 nm wide ribbon is energetically more stable than the C60 fullerene, and that a 1.8 nm wide ribbon is more stable than a (10,0) carbon nanotube. The morphologies of the reconstructed edges are characterized by the presence of five-, six-, and sevenfold rings, with sp3 and sp2 bonds at the reconstructed edges. The electronic structure of the few-layered nanoribbons with reconstructed edges can be metallic or semiconducting, with band gaps oscillating between 0 and 0.28 eV as a function of ribbon width.