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Dynamic Evolution from Chain Disorder to Order of PTB7 Condensed State Structures under External Fields

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posted on 2018-07-30, 00:00 authored by Jiaxuan Ren, Xiaona Li, Tengning Ma, Bin Liu, Hao Zhang, Tao Li, Dan Lu
In this research, the effect of external fields (solvent, temperature, solution concentration, and external force) on dynamic evolution from chain disorder to order of poly­[[4,8-bis­[(2-ethylhexyl)­oxy]­benzo­[1,2-b:4,5-b′]­dithiophene-2,6-diyl]­[3-fluoro-2-[(2-ethylhexyl)­carbonyl]­thieno­[3,4-b]­thiophenediyl]] (PTB7) condensed state structures was explored by UV–vis absorption spectra, atomic force microscope, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was found that PTB7 main chains presented amorphous conformations induced by the poor solvent 1,2-dichloroethane. However, the local ordered aggregation appeared in amorphous conformations when the solubility of the poor solvent was again lowered by reducing temperature. It is worth noting that the size of ordered aggregation was further increased with the decrease of solution concentration or increase of external force. It was found that there were two main PTB7 absorption peaks in the UV–vis absorption spectra; we denoted A0 −0 for the intensity of the lower energy absorption peak and A0–1 for the intensity of the higher energy absorption peak. The ratio R = A0–0/A0–1 was used to characterize the dynamic evolution from disorder to order of the PTB7 condensed state structures in absorption spectra. It increased from 0.94 for PTB7 amorphous state to 1.25 for PTB7 large-size ordered aggregation. The dynamic evolution from chain disorder to order could also be distinctly observed by TEM. It was inferred that PTB7 condensed state structures (amorphous state, local ordered aggregation, and large-scale ordered aggregation) might exist simultaneously because of the complexity of copolymer conformations. This research is meaningful to establish physical basis for the molecule design and the synthesis of materials to enhance photoelectronic device efficiency based on condensed matter physics of conjugated polymer.

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