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Dual Light Trapping and Water-Repellent Effects of a Flexible-Based Inverse Micro-Cone Array for Organic and Perovskite Solar Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 22.08.2018, 00:00 by Riski Titian Ginting, Eun-Bi Jeon, Jung-Mu Kim, Won-Yong Jin, Jae-Wook Kang
A simple and cost-effective fabrication process of a flexible-based inverse micro-cone array (i-MCA) structure textured on flexible transparent conductive electrodes (TCEs) was successfully demonstrated via a micro-imprinting process. The flexible i-MCA films exhibited an extremely high total transmittance of ∼93% and a haze of ∼95% with reduced reflectance while simultaneously demonstrating water-repellent properties. Introducing i-MCA on the illuminating side of organic solar cells (OSCs)- and perovskite solar cells-rigid glass substrate showed improved power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) due to the light trapping effect by multiple light bounces between cone array structures (forward scattering). This results in an increase of the optical path length in the photoactive layer. Similarly, flexible TCEs embedded with textured i-MCA increased the PCE by 14% for flexible OSCs. More importantly, i-MCA-TCE-based OSCs were highly flexible with 98% retention from the initial PCE at both 0° and at 60° even after 2000 bending cycles at a radius of 2 mm. This finding demonstrates that textured i-MCA is promising for improving: (a) the light harvesting efficiency of solar cells when installed in low-/high-latitude locations and (b) the wearable technology where a flexible device attached on curved objects could retain the PCE, even at an oblique angle, with respect to the normal incidence angle.

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