American Chemical Society
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Dual-Signal Triple-Mode Optical Sensing Platform for Assisting in the Diagnosis of Kidney Disorders

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-03-03, 02:13 authored by Xiwen Ye, Dejiang Gao, Xiaowei Mu, Qiong Wu, Pinyi Ma, Daqian Song
As known biomarkers of kidney diseases, N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase (NAG) and β-galactosidase (β-GAL) are of great importance for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The feasibility of using multiplex sensing methods to simultaneously report the outcome of the two enzymes in the same sample is even more alluring. Herein, we establish a simple sensing platform for the concurrent detection of NAG and β-GAL using silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) as a fluorescent indicator synthesized by a one-pot hydrothermal route. p-Nitrophenol (PNP), as a common enzymatic hydrolysis product of the two enzymes, led to the attenuation of fluorometric signal caused by the inner filter effect on SiNPs, the enhancement of colorimetric signal due to the increase of intensity of the characteristic absorption peak at around 400 nm with increasing reaction time, and the changes of RGB values of images obtained through a color recognition application on a smartphone. The fluorometric/colorimetric approach combined with the smartphone-assisted RGB mode was able to detect NAG and β-GAL with good linear response. Applying this optical sensing platform to clinical urine samples, we found that the two indicators in healthy individuals and patients (glomerulonephritis) with kidney diseases were significantly different. By expanding to other renal lesion-related specimens, this tool may show great potentials in clinical diagnosis and visual inspection.