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Dual-Functionalized Apatite Nanocomposites with Enhanced Cytocompatibility and Osteogenesis for Periodontal Bone Regeneration

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posted on 2020-02-21, 22:44 authored by MingLi Xiang, Mengyuan Zhu, Zun Yang, Ping He, Jingjing Wei, Xiang Gao, Jinlin Song
The development of biomimetic bone graft materials for periodontal tissue engineering is a field of topical interest. In this study, we designed a dual-functionalized apatite nanocomposite, which could integrate multiple molecular cues for manipulating the fate of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). Briefly, inspired by mussels, a biomimetic nanohydroxyapatite was fabricated using a polydopamine structure as a template (named as tHA) and then surface-modified with bone-forming peptide-1 (BFP-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor-mimicking peptide (QK) via a single step of catechol chemistry. Our study showed that the biofunctions of tethered peptides were not compromised on the surface of apatite nanoparticles. Because of the synergistic effect of BFP-1 and QK peptides, the dual-functionalized apatite nanocomposite showed improved cytocompatibility compared to controls. Moreover, it can boost the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs, indicating excellent bioactivity of tHA–BFP/QK nanoparticles on cell fate decision. More importantly, animal experiments showed that dual-functionalized apatite nanocomposites could dramatically promote the regeneration of periodontal bone. It is concluded that our work provides an instructive insight into the design of biomimetic apatite nanocomposites, which holds a great potential for applications in periodontal bone repair.

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