American Chemical Society
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Dual-Engine Powered Paper Photoelectrochemical Platform Based on 3D DNA Nanomachine-Mediated CRISPR/Cas12a for Detection of Multiple miRNAs

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-05-24, 11:07 authored by Chuan Huang, Lu Zhang, Yuanna Zhu, Zuhao Zhang, Yunqing Liu, Chao Liu, Shenguang Ge, Jinghua Yu
This work proposed a novel double-engine powered paper photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor based on an anode–cathode cooperative amplification strategy and various signal enhancement mechanisms, which realized the monitoring of multiple miRNAs (such as miRNA-141 and miRNA-21). Specifically, C3N4 quantum dots (QDs) sensitized ZnO nanostars and BiOI nanospheres simultaneously to construct a composite photoelectric layer that amplified the original photocurrent of the photoanode and photocathode, respectively. Through the independent design and partition of a flexible paper chip to functionalize injection holes and electrode areas, the bipolar combination completed the secondary upgrade of signals, which also provided biological reaction sites for multitarget detection. With the synergistic participation of a three-dimensional (3D) DNA nanomachine and programmable CRISPR/Cas12a shearing tool, C3N4 QDs lost their attachment away from the electrode surface to quench the signal. Moreover, electrode zoning significantly reduced the spatial cross talk of related substances for multitarget detection, while the universal trans-cleavage capability of CRISPR/Cas12a simplified the operation. The designed PEC biosensor revealed excellent linear ranges for detection of miRNA-141 and miRNA-21, for which the detection limits were 5.5 and 3.4 fM, respectively. With prominent selectivity and sensitivity, the platform established an effective approach for trace multitarget monitoring in clinical applications, and its numerous pioneering attempts owned favorable reference values.