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Dramatic Influence on the Olefinic Geometry in the Nickel(0)-Catalyzed Coupling Reaction of 1,3-Dienes and Aldehydes Using N-Heterocyclic Carbene as a Ligand

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journal contribution
posted on 29.11.2001, 00:00 by Yoshihiro Sato, Rieko Sawaki, Miwako Mori
The use of N-heterocyclic carbene 2 as a ligand in a nickel(0)-catalyzed coupling reaction of 1,3-diene and aldehyde was investigated. It was found that the Ni(0)−carbene complex showed a unique property in the reaction of 1,3-diene 4 and aldehyde 5 to give the coupling product Z-6, having a (Z)-olefin in high yield in a highly stereoselective manner. Since the same reaction using the Ni(0)−PPh3 complex gave E-6a in a stereoselective manner, this result indicates that the Ni(0)−carbene complex has a property different from that of the traditional Ni(0)−phosphine complex.