Donor-Stabilized Antimony(I) and Bismuth(I) Ions: Heavier Valence Isoelectronic Analogues of Carbones
journal contributionposted on 12.01.2021, 17:40 authored by Mujahuddin M. Siddiqui, Samir Kumar Sarkar, Mohd Nazish, Massimiliano Morganti, Christian Köhler, Jiali Cai, Lili Zhao, Regine Herbst-Irmer, Dietmar Stalke, Gernot Frenking, Herbert W. Roesky
Isolation of two-coordinate compounds of heavier Group 15 elements in low oxidation state is challenging due to the preferential formation of dimers or oligomers. Herein, we report the first examples of donor-stabilized two-coordinate Sb(I) and Bi(I) ions. The reduction of antimony and bismuth trihalides with KC8 in the presence of cyclic alkyl(amino) carbene (cAAC) afforded Sb(I) and Bi(I) cations in the form of triflate salts [(cAAC)2Sb][OTf] (1) and [(cAAC)2Bi][OTf] (2). Compounds 1 and 2 belong to a new class of acyclic cations of Group 15 with eight valence electrons and are heavier valence isoelectronic analogues of carbones. Both compounds are isolated and well-characterized by NMR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and computational studies.