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Docetaxel-Loaded Hyaluronic Acid–Cathepsin B‑Cleavable-Peptide–Gold Nanoparticles for the Treatment of Cancer

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journal contribution
posted on 04.09.2018, 00:00 by Oyuntuya Gotov, Gantumur Battogtokh, Young Tag Ko
Gold nanoparticles are commonly used for medical applications such as drug delivery and as therapeutic and diagnostic materials because of their unique properties. In this study, we prepared docetaxel (DTX)-loaded hyaluronic acid–cleavable-peptide–gold nanoparticles for the treatment of cancer by selectively delivering DTX into the tumor and, thus, enhancing the therapeutic effect of DTX; further, we determined synergistic effects of the nanoparticles using laser treatment. The DTX-loaded hyaluronic acid–cleavable-peptide–gold nanoparticles prepared in this study had an average size of 75 nm and negative surface charge. The nanoparticles revealed greater cytotoxicity and higher tumor suppression efficacy in tumor models than free DTX under near-infrared laser irradiation. Therefore, the nanoparticle formulation prepared in this study could be utilized for targeted drug delivery and in combination with other cancer therapies.