American Chemical Society
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Distribution and Modification of Sorption Sites in Amphiphilic Calixarene-Based Solid Lipid Nanoparticles from Hyperpolarized 129Xe NMR Spectroscopy

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journal contribution
posted on 2004-05-26, 00:00 authored by Alix Dubes, Igor L. Moudrakovski, Patrick Shahgaldian, Anthony W. Coleman, Christopher I. Ratcliffe, John A. Ripmeester
The site distribution and accessibility in amphiphilic calixarenes-based solid lipid nanoparticles were determined as a function of lipid chain length using in situ 129Xe NMR spectroscopy with flowing hyperpolarized Xe gas. The study illustrates that host cavities in as-prepared materials are increasingly occluded by the lipid chain for compounds with chain lengths from C6 to C12 and are almost completely occluded for C14 and C16 chain lengths. Host cavities present at the surface of the particles are still accessible to small atoms (xenon) and organic molecules (methylene chloride, etc). The Xe spectra show that the accessible void space can be increased remarkably by exposure of the particle surface to suitably sized guest molecules that appear to displace the occluding hydrocarbon chains from the host cavities by competitive adsorption. This postsynthesis treatment thus modifies the state of self-assembly and improves sorption capability. The HP Xe NMR approach presented is suitable for small samples (a few milligrams) of SLNs, likely also for other biomaterials such as vesicles, model membranes, etc.