Dispersion and Individualization of SWNT in Surfactant-Free Suspensions and Composites of Hydrosoluble Polymers
journal contributionposted on 2015-01-08, 00:00 authored by Fernando J. Torres-Canas, Christophe Blanc, Camilo Zamora-Ledezma, Pedro Silva, Eric Anglaret
We propose a simple and original way to prepare surfactant-free SWNT/hydrosoluble polymer composites with high concentrations of individual SWNT. We first disperse single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) in aqueous suspensions using bile salts (BS), and we mix them with a solution of hydrosoluble polymer, poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) or poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). We measure the yield using visible–NIR absorption spectroscopy, and we probe both the chemical environment of the nanotubes and the effectiveness of individualization from coupled Raman/photoluminescence studies. We evidence a direct exchange of BS molecules and PVA chains at the surface of SWNT. By contrast, no direct exchange is observed with PVP. On the other hand, we show that a simple dialysis process leads to the preparation of aqueous suspensions of SWNT covered by PVP or PVA with high yields and an effective individualization of the nanotubes.