American Chemical Society
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Discrimination between Alternative Substrates and Inhibitors of Tyrosinase

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-03-04, 00:00 authored by Carmen Vanessa Ortiz-Ruiz, Maria del Mar Garcia-Molina, Jose Tudela Serrano, Virginia Tomas-Martinez, Francisco Garcia-Canovas
Many phenolic compounds have been described in the scientific literature as inhibitors of tyrosinase. In this work a test is proposed that allows us to distinguish whether a molecule is an enzyme inhibitor or substrate. The test has several stages. First, the degree of inhibition of the studied molecule is determined on the monophenolase activity (iM) and on the diphenolase activity (iD). If iM = iD, it is an inhibitor. If iMiD, the molecule could be substrate or inhibitor. Several additional stages are proposed to solve this ambiguity. The study described herein was carried out using the following molecules: benzoic acid, cinnamic acid, guaiacol, isoeugenol, carvacrol, 4-tert-butylphenol, eugenol, and arbutin.