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Discovery of a Bacterial Hydrazine Transferase That Constructs the N‑Aminolactam Pharmacophore in Albofungin Biosynthesis

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posted on 2024-05-03, 06:30 authored by Wei Li, Ziyang Cheng, Zhijie Zhao, Hu Li, Yu Liu, Xingyu Lu, Guiyun Zhao, Yi-Ling Du
Structural motifs containing nitrogen–nitrogen (N–N) bonds are prevalent in a large number of clinical drugs and bioactive natural products. Hydrazine (N2H4) serves as a widely utilized building block for the preparation of these N–N-containing molecules in organic synthesis. Despite its common use in chemical processes, no enzyme has been identified to catalyze the incorporation of free hydrazine in natural product biosynthesis. Here, we report that a hydrazine transferase catalyzes the condensation of N2H4 and an aromatic polyketide pathway intermediate, leading to the formation of a rare N-aminolactam pharmacophore in the biosynthesis of broad-spectrum antibiotic albofungin. These results expand the current knowledge on the biosynthetic mechanism for natural products with N–N units and should facilitate future development of biocatalysts for the production of N–N-containing chemicals.

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