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Discovery of Elgoresyite, (Mg,Fe)5Si2O9: Implications for Novel Iron-Magnesium Silicates in Rocky Planetary Interiors

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journal contribution
posted on 22.07.2021, 10:14 by Luca Bindi, Ryosuke Sinmyo, Elena Bykova, Sergey V. Ovsyannikov, Catherine McCammon, Ilya Kupenko, Leyla Ismailova, Leonid Dubrovinsky, Xiande Xie
As the most abundant material of rocky planets, high-pressure polymorphs of iron- and aluminum-bearing magnesium silicates have long been sought by both observations and experiments. Meanwhile, it was recently revealed that iron oxides form (FeO)m(Fe2O3)n homologous series above ∼10 GPa according to laboratory high-pressure experiments. Here, we report a new high-pressure iron-magnesium silicate, recently approved by the International Mineralogical Association as a new mineral (No. 2020-086) and named elgoresyite, in a shock-induced melt vein of the Suizhou L6 chondrite with a chemistry of (Mg,Fe)5Si2O9. The crystal structure of this new silicate is the same as the iron oxide Fe7O9, strongly suggesting that silicates also form ((Mg,Fe)­O)m + n(SiO2)n series that are isostructural to iron oxides via (Mg2+,Fe2+) + Si4+ = 2Fe3+ substitution. To test this hypothesis, the phase relationships of the silicates and iron oxides should be further investigated at higher temperature conditions. Newly found iron-magnesium silicate is a potential constituent mineral in rocky planets with relatively high MgO + FeO content.