American Chemical Society
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Directed Nanoparticle Motion on an Interfacial Free Energy Gradient

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journal contribution
posted on 2010-02-02, 00:00 authored by Robert Walder, Andrei Honciuc, Daniel K. Schwartz
Using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM), we have observed the directed motion of 20 nm probe particles on specific regions of surfaces that exhibited strong gradients of hydrophobicity. Patterned surfaces were prepared by selective photodegradation (using a contact photomask) of a hydrophobically modifed fused silica surface. The lateral distribution of hydrophobicity was characterized in situ using the selective affinity of amphiphilic probes (i.e., hydrophobic interaction microscopy). Probe particles were observed to move unidirectionally from regions of lower to higher to hydrophobicity over distances of ∼1 μm when the hydrophobicity gradient was greater than d(cos θ)/dx = 0.05 ± 0.02 μm−1, where θ is the water contact angle on the bare surface. Only adsorption events were observed on energetically homogeneous surface regions.